Study the information about Kaymakli Underground City and its main features. Learn what you can explore there.
Kaymakli Underground City
Kaymakli Underground City

kaymakliUnderground city of Kaymakli was built under the hill known as the Citadel of Kaymakli, in the center of the town, 19km from Nevsehir, on the Nevsehir-Nigde road. The city was opened for visiting in 1964. Here, in the village of Kaymakli, the ancient name of which was Enegup, people have constructed their houses around nearly one hundred tunnels of the underground city. And even today the inhabitants still use the most convenient places in the tunnels as cellars, storage areas and stables, available through their courtyards. Underground City of Kaymakli itself is different from Derinkuyu Underground City in terms of both form and organization. The ways are narrow, low and sloping. People today can visit only 4 floors, in which the spaces are organized around the ventilation shafts.

The stable is located on the first floor. As this area is rather small, there is a suggestion that there could be other stables in sections that have not yet been opened. If you turn left of the stable there will be a passage with a millstone door that leads into the church. If you turn right of the corridor you will find rooms hollowed out as living areas.

There is a church on the 2nd floor with a single nave and two apses. Baptism stone is in front of the apses, and on the sides there are seating platforms. There are also graves on the floor, located next to the church which supports the idea that these graves belonged to religious people. You may also visit some living areas on this floor.

The 3rd floor has the most important areas of the underground city. In addition to various storage places, wineries and kitchen, the block of andesite with relief-texture found here is rather interesting. The last research has showed that this stone was used as a melting pot for copper. Andesite was not brought here from outside but was part of the andesite layer. To use it as a melting pot, 57 holes were carved on the surface of the stone.

The people living in this underground city were economically stable is proved by the fact that there are a lot of storage rooms and places to put earthenware jars in the wineries on the 4th floor.
Definitely Kaymakli is one of the largest underground settlements in the region, even though the whole city has not been completely opened, and since only 4 floors have been uncovered.