There are the mysterious ruins of Tiahuanaco in 44 miles to the west of La Paz, Bolivia. Pre-incan history is little known. One of the greatest of all the Incan Ruins in all of South America is usually visited by guests taking a Bolivia tour.
Tiahuanaco lies on the southeastern shores of Lake Titicaca. Tiahuanaco was a thriving city. And there are marine fossils found in the ruins. Some consider that Lake Titicaca has receded 12 miles since that early time. Though you may explore the place with an informative guide, a mystery hangs like a cloud over the long abandoned temple-complex and settlement near the southern shores of Lake Titicaca.
Many archeologists consider it to be the worlds' most ancient city, which makes this fact even more fascinating is the craftsmanship and painstaking detail that was invested in the creation with which these structures were built. The care and energy, with which this awe-inspiring site was created, just boggle the mind as you walk through these Inca Ruins, whose fame may rival perhaps only by Machu Picchu in Peru.
Tiahuanaco culture is thought to flourish from 500 BC to 900-1000 AD. Austere, bare megaliths are covered with powerful and intricately carved geometric signs. One of the most amazing places over here is the Kalasaya complex, an enormous platform with a sunken courtyard. The continuity of the pale brown dust is broken by the solemn megaliths. Stone fortifications of the Temple of Kalasaya complex are dotted with the stoic stone faces.
Inca legends set the imagination ablaze with folklore and myth, just hearing about Tiahuanaco.
Some consider that this ancient settlement existed long before Lake Titicaca, and that a cataclysmic flood covered parts of the city. And Incan creation myth of the great God Viracocha, who could turn hills into plains and plains into hills, reflects the changing nature of this striking landscape.
The highest slopes and mountainsides in Bolivia are some of the earliest, which provide credibility to the idea that this area might have experienced flooding. Some newer planting on the lower altitudes confirms this fascinating theory about flood waters creating damage on a cataclysmic scale.
In 1980 after the archeological excavations the Indian legends of submerged pre-Inca ruins city of the Indians were confirmed. Ruins were found there; accurate rows of massive hewn stones and steps leading into the lake floor of Lake Titicaca only add to the mystery.
Visiting Bolivia is not complete without exploring this mysterious monument. Enjoy the Inca mythology while wandering through this marvel of ancient engineering.
The apex of this temple complex is the sun gate. Richly carved symbols on this enormous 45-ton piece of stone are a puzzle and eternal source of fascination for scientist, archeologist, and tourist as well. Some claim that this is the calendar, and dates this civilization as early as 16,000 BC.